Appeal of Tillamook County Riprap Case Enters Next Phase
Last November, Oregon Shores appealed a decision by Tillamook County allowing a major shoreline armoring project to take place through an “exception” to statewide land use law. Surfrider Foundation joined us in the appeal. The case has become notorious, not only because the county's action threatens our ability to protect our public beaches through land use regulation, but because the landowners plunged ahead and riprapped the shore, drastically altering it, while the decision was still under appeal. See here for more on this.
The county’s Board of Commissioners approved development of an 880-foot-long “beachfront protection structure” (a riprap revetment) on an active foredune in the Pine Beach area (north of Camp Magruder and south of Rockaway Beach). Attorney Anu Sawkar of the non-profit Crag Law Center, our partner in the Coastal Law Project, is representing us and Surfrider together. There has been a long delay, as the county was very slow to provide the complete official record justifying its decision. The record has finally been "settled," in legal parlance, and as of July 18, we will have filed our brief with the Land Use Board of Appeals. The county and the landowners have until Aug. 8 to reply. We have another chance to reply to them, and after that, LUBA will schedule oral arguments.
We assert that the property owners did not demonstrate that their properties are eligible for shoreline armoring under Goal 18 of Oregon’s land use planning laws, which protects beaches and dunes. Only properties developed by Jan. 1, 1977 are eligible. The Tillamook County Board of Commissioners instead approved an “exception” to the state requirement at the behest of the property owners.
Goal 18 exists to preserve our public beaches, and access up and down the shoreline. It also protects the natural character of dunes and bluffs. Riprap and other types of shoreline hardening damage the public beach, and can eventually lead to the loss of the beach and to blocking public access along the beach. Goal 18 was established to provide clear notice to developers that shoreline armoring wouldn’t be allowed, so that the Oregon coast wouldn’t turn into a wall of riprap. A riprap revetment or other form of shoreline hardening, projecting on the public shoreline, is in effect a private taking of land belonging to the public, without compensation. Allowing an ‘exception’ like this would completely undermine the purpose of the law.
Oregon Shores and Surfrider contend that the Tillamook County commissioners wrongly determined that impacts from the project, including the loss of dune habitat and loss of beach access, would not negatively impact the public or the coastal ecosystem, despite evidence to the contrary. The beach that will be impacted by the project is an important recreational area, serving surfers, beachgoers and thousands of campers annually from adjacent Camp Magruder as well as the Barview Jetty Campground. “Unfortunately, the County chose to support the interests of a handful of property owners over a statewide policy that protects Oregon’s beaches and dunes for everyone”, says Charlie Plybon, Oregon Policy Manager for Surfrider Foundation.
This appeal is an important test for the statewide goal exception process as it pertains to shoreline stabilization approvals. The applicant is essentially asking Oregon to make an exception to state law protecting public beaches to allow for the taking of public property to protect private property. Coastal property owners and developers all along the Oregon coast who developed their properties knowing that shoreline armoring would not be allowed on their property will be watching this case and will be eager to apply for their own Goal 18 exceptions should the County approval stand.
While Goal 18 grandfathered in structures that existed when it was passed, it was intended to conserve the public trust in Oregon’s shoreline by prohibiting the spread of armored shorelines. The beachfront houses for which the exception is being sought were built on vulnerable lands, in full knowledge that they were not eligible for riprap.
Oregon Shores has long argued that Oregon needs a statewide policy addressing sea level rise and its effects on the shoreline, rather than the current piecemeal approach. Beyond countering the threat to public beaches and Statewide Planning Goal 18 that the Pine Beach case presents, the appellants hope that the case may also be a catalyst for a more holistic approach at the state level.